TDS on Rent Under Section 194-I

Friday, October 4, 2013 | comments


Rent [Section 194-I]

(1) Any person, other than an individual or a HUF not subject to tax audit under section 44AB in the immediately preceding year, who is responsible for paying to a resident any income by way of rent shall deduct income tax at the rate of:
(i)     2% in respect of rent for plant, machinery or equipment;
(ii) 10% in respect of other rental payments (i.e., rent for use of any land or building, including factory building, or land appurtenant to a building, including factory building, or furniture or fixtures).
(2) This deduction is to be made at the time of credit of such income to the account of the payee or at the time of payment thereof in cash or by issue of cheque or draft or by any other mode, whichever is earlier.
(3)   No deduction need be made where the amount of such income or the aggregate of the amounts of such income credited or paid or likely to be credited or paid during the financial year to the account of the payee does not exceed ` 1,80,000.
(4) “Rent” means any payment, by whatever name called, under any lease, sub-lease, tenancy or any other agreement or arrangement for the use of (either separately or together) any –
(a)     land; or
(b)     building (including factory building); or
(c)     land appurtenant to a building (including factory building); or
(d)     machinery; or
(e)     plant; or
(f)      equipment; or
(g)   furniture; or
(h)   fittings,
whether or not any or all of the above are owned by the payee.
(5) Where any such income is credited to any account, whether called “Suspense account”
or by any other name, in the books of account of the person liable to pay such income, such crediting shall be deemed to be credit of such income to the account of the payee and the provisions of this section will apply accordingly.
Applicability of TDS provisions under section 194-I to payments made by the customers on account of cooling charges to the cold storage owners.
CBDT Circular No.1/2008 dated 10.1.2008 provides clarification regarding applicability of provisions of section 194-I to payments made by the customers on account of cooling charges to the cold storage owners.
The main function of the cold storage is to preserve perishable goods by means of a mechanical process, and storage of such goods is only incidental in nature. The customer is also not given any right to use any demarcated space/place or the machinery of the cold store and thus does not become a tenant. Therefore, the provisions of 194-I are not applicable to the cooling charges paid by the customers of the cold storage.
However, since the arrangement between the customers and cold storage owners are basically contractual in nature, the provision of section 194-C will be applicable to the amounts paid as cooling charges by the customers of the cold storage.
Applicability of TDS provisions under section 194-I to service tax component of rental income
CBDT Circular No.4/2008 dated 28.4.2008 provides clarification on deduction of tax at source (TDS) on service tax component of rental income under section 194-I.
As per the provisions of 194-I, tax is deductible at source on income by way of rent paid to any resident. Further, rent has been defined in 194-I to mean any payment, by whatever name called, under any lease, sub-lease, tenancy or any other agreement or arrangement for the use of (either separately or together) any,-(a)   land; or
(b)     building (including factory building); or
(c)     land appurtenant to a building (including factory building); or
(d)     machinery; or
(e)     plant; or
(f)      equipment; or
(g)     furniture; or
(h)   fittings,
whether or not any or all of the above are owned by the payee.
Service tax paid by the tenant doesn’t partake the nature of income of the landlord. The landlord only acts as a collecting agency for Government for collection of service tax. Therefore, tax deduction at source under section 194-I would be required to be made on the amount of rent paid/payable without including the service tax.


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