If you are thinking of seeking rectification of the intimation issued by Centralized Processing Center at Bangalore, then you much carefully review the Common Errors Guide and the typical causes of error presented below in order to prepare an accurate rectification request and thereby ensure that you get a proper resolution from CPC in the form of an rectification order.
Please do not jump into conclusions or get misguided by others and there are mistakes in processing software; more likely than not the data in the e-return submitted by you was either incomplete or incorrect resulting in calculation different than what is expected by you.
for every variation between what you have computed as your tax liability and your refund and what was finally the outcome of precessing at CPC there is a logical and explanation and therefore, a possible resolution.
1. Salary Income shown at higher figure than entered :- In Salary schedule higher figure is reported under Gross salary which should be excluding Exempt Income (such as transport allowance etc. ). Taxpayer may have mentioned Transport allowance in Exempt Income and may have deducted the same to arrive at a lower net figure in the final calculation. However, the Exempt Income is to be mentioned only for reporting purposes and should not be used in any calculation.
2. Loss Under House Property due to Interest paid on loans is not allowed :- In the House property schedule the interest paid value is not entered. Instead only the loss figure is mentioned in the final total. The totals are re-calculated while processing the return from the basic valued provided. If the break up values are not provided then the total will be calculated as zero.
The other possibility is that even if the House Property Schedule was correctly filled, the taxpayer has not claimed the loss in Schedule CYLA. Therefore, even if loss is correctly shown in Sch HP, the adjustment of this loss is not automatic. It has to be entered in the first row against Salary Income as shown to indicate that the loss is adjusted against salary income.
3. Tax Payment is not allowed : BSR code, challan number and date of deposit may have been incorrect since any mismatch may lead to rejection of tax payment. Date of deposit of challan cannot be beyond or after date of filing of return.
Taxpayer should NOT report tax payments made by Deductors as given in Form 16 or Form 16A as their own payment under Schedule IT. This is meant only to enter tax payments Directly made by taxpayer himself.
4. TDS Credit is not allowed : Taxpayer should ensure that the TAN number is valid and as per the Form 16A issued by Deductor.
PAN number of Deductor should not be mentioned in place of TAN.
In many cases Deductors may have given TDS certificate with certain TAN but submitted TDS return to Department under different TAN. This may happen where many group concerns operate in a flexible manner. This should be verified by cross-checking against the 26AS statement for the taxpayer which is available through NSDL or at the e-filing website. Any error by Deductor should be immediately pointed out and correction ensured.
5. Chapter VIA deduction specially 80C deduction is not allowed : While filling in Deductions in Chapter VI -A, taxpayer must ensure to fill up the breakup showing all individual Section-wise deductions such as 80C etc, and then mention the Total Deduction claimed. At the time of processing, it is not clear under what section is the deduction claimed if details are not given. since each deduction has different limits and eligibility, it is not possible to allow deduction only from the total.
6. Deduction under Chapter 80G or 80IA etc. is not allowed : Details u/s 80G in Sch. 80 G (where the schedule is available in the return ITR-4, 5 and 6) along with correct totals may not have been entered, before claiming the total in Chapter VI-A. Similarly, other schedules such as 80IA/IB etc must also be filled in where relevant schedules are in the ITR, before claiming Deductions in Chapter VI-A. Mentioning only the final total values in Chapter VI A Schedule or the total Deduction is not sufficient.
7. Tax Rate applied by CPC is not as per rates for Female Taxpayers or Senior citizens or for firms or domestic company. MAT is applied : Tax payer may have entered Gender as Male or entered date of birth incorrectly.
Alternatively, taxpayer may have entered these details correctly but the details are different in PAN database, in which case the data in PAN database has to be corrected by taxpayer by giving proof and details.
For assessee filing return ITR-5, Status (such as cooperative society, Firm, etc. ) in the General Information Portion may not have been selected correctly. Incorrect status selection can lead to taxation at higher rate or disallowance on specific deductions like 80P, etc.
For taxpayers filing ITR-6, the correct selection while opting for item under General Information relating to "If a Domestic Company" must be made. Domestic companies MUST NOT select "N" is selected the tax rate applicable to Foreign Companies will be applied, leading to higher taxation.
Schedule MAT MUST be filled by all taxpayers filing ITR 6 irrespective of whether the book profit calculations result in application of provisions of MAT. Taxpayer may not have calculated MAT.
8. Income from Business is not correctly Computed : There are many reasons for variation in income from Business : While entering Totals (for ex Total Duties and Taxes etc. ) breakup is not given.
Value entered in Sl. no. 42 (Depreciation) (where books of accounts are maintained ) should match the value in Sch BP: Sl no 11 (Depreciation debited to P&L Account) Profit Before Tax (and not Profit After Tax) should be entered in item 1 of Sch BP.
Depreciation allowable under IT Act u/s 32(i)(ii) must be as per Sch DEP. When Schedule Profit and Loss is filled with a claim for depreciation but depreciation amount is either not added back at item A11 in Schedule BP or details of depreciation in plant and machinery and other assets are not filled by the assessee in Schedule DPM, DOA and Schedule DEP, this may lead to disallowance of depreciation.
Schedule DPM,DOA and DEP should NOT be left blank if Depreciation is being claimed. Entering total value of Depreciation in SI A12 in Schedule BP WITHOUT entering DPM,DOA, DEP will lead to disallowance of Depreciation.
Where block ceases to exist, enter correct value in Capital Gains/Loss u/s 50. Under NO OTHER CIRCUMSTANCE should item 16 be filled. Negative value, if entered in SI 16, implies that block ceased to exist and then no Depreciation will be allowed for that block.
Where P&L account is filled and includes Deemed Income u/s 44AD, 44AE 44AF etc, ensure that relevant figures in A4 and A33 in Sch BP are correctly filled Total of Deemed Income (IF NON ZERO) under Sections 44AD, 44AE, 44AF, 44B, 44BB, 44BBA, 44BBB, 44D, 44DA, Chapter XII-G and First Sch of IT Act as per SI no 33 of Sch BP) should not be hence lower than SI no 4 of Sch BP.
In case nature of business does not include Tea/Coffee/Rubber, the net profit or loss from business or profession after applying Rule 7A,7B, 7C in A37 should be entered as the same value are arrived in SI no 36 of Sch. BP.
Where Schedule OI is filled with details of disallowances or amounts which are to be added back to income due to the provisions like 36,37, 40, 40A, 43B, assessee must fill in the details in Schedule BP in arriving at the processing these disallowances are taken from Schedule OI and applied to relevant items in Sch BP. This will result in increase of income under Business due to these disallowances.
9. Losses Brought Forward from previous years has not been allowed : Before claiming adjustments in Sch BFLA, ensure that Schedule CFL is not left empty. The correct breakup of the losses claimed for setoff must be filled in Sch CFL which alone will be considered for Schedule BFLA. Direct entries in Schedule BFLA without any entry in Scheule CFL will not be entertained, thus leading to demand due to disallowance of claim for adjustment of brought forward loss.
Unabsorbed depreciation loss MUST be inluded in CFL against appropriate year or in case it relates to prior to AY 2003-03 period then it MUST be entered in the row relating to 2002-03. Only if the unabsorbed Depreciation is entered in CFL, then it will be allowed in Sch BFLA calculation.
In Sch BFLA, enter all adjustments correctly. Do not leave blank as system will not allow adjustments of brought forward loss unless claimed in Sch BFLA.
10. Capital Gain is not correctly calculated : Start from full value of consideration in Capital Gain Schedule. DO NOT ENTER ONLY FINAL VALUES. Enter the correct breakup to arrive at STCG and LTCG values. Do not leave blank any intermediate figures such as Full Value of Consideration etc.
Ensure that the value entered in Sch CG under LTCG Proviso (option under proviso to S. 112(1) is exercised) is also correctly entered in Sch SI under LTCG proviso (Section 22). All Capital gain tax calculations are as per special rates given in Schedule SI. In case this is not correctly entered then the calculations may differ. In most cases taxpayers have entered capital gains in CG schedule at 20% tax rate, but in Schedule SI entered in code corresponding to 10% rate by mistake. In such cases tax may be calculated at both these tax rates.
Verify that correct quarterly breakups for LTCG and STCG are provided in Sch CG and the total of the quarterly breakups match with the respective values in Sch SI (taxable income after adjusting Min Chargeable to Tax) after set off of all losses.
Ensure that the value entered in Sch CG and STCG 111A is also correctly entered in Sch SI under STCG 111A (Section 1A) Enter correct breakup of STCG 111A and other than 111A in Sch CG.